Major Project, Masters of Architecture
RMIT University, 2015
Supervisor: Roland Snooks
The Institute of Advanced Fabrication critiques contemporary generative design as being form-oriented and object-centric. It seeks to encode architectural rules into the complex process of formation, instead of the typical treatment of architecture as an insertion into generated form.
The generative process is architectural in nature both internally and externally. Internally, the rules of formation are developed to control curvature and address aesthetic concerns, utilizing architectural requirements of services and structure as an embedded system with the by-product of ornament. It treats the overarching governance of floor area requirements and spatial conditions not as an emergent occurrence, but a programmed goal embedded in the algorithmic logic. Externally the algorithm responds to context in a variety of different ways, varying from a detailed façade to grand formal gestures.
Technically the project combines two typically discrete systems. A multi-agent algorithm is designed for its ability to respond to diverse conditions and create local coherence, with eccentric formal tendencies. A dynamic graph, typically used for understanding the relationship between parts, is implemented to embed and control the architectural (as opposed to formal) concerns. The hybrid of these systems is capable of managing spatial, topological and global concerns, and is also able to break the rules of traditional digital modelling and generation that rely on manifold mesh topologies.
The mass is hence quite simple, designed to exemplify the fluid difference between regions as the practical requirements and spatial relationships vary to fulfil the brief whilst maintaining internal eccentricities.